It's the System That's Broke
While this is 45 minutes long, the first 30 minutes are all that really matter as the last 15 minutes are dedicated to a solution, rather than simply allowing people to develop their own ideas.
And this is the crux of our economic problems - MONEY = DEBT!
All the economic theory and mathematical formulas won't help one bit when the SYSTEM is the problem.
Here the fairest solution I can think of to fix our current system.
1) Fractional Reserve banking is outlawed. No bank can loan money it does not have.
2) The Treasury will be allowed to create "X" dollars for EVERY citizen based on the U.S. Census. As population grows and new money is created, it will be EQUALLY divided amongst all citizens.
You essentially fix multiple problems in one change. No more banking regulations (except that one about not forging money), no more bubble/bursting economy, stable dollar, less wasteful gov't spending, create a society based on sustainable practices and not consumption.