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Peter Schiff - The Fed’s Bubble Trouble



January 09, 2009 – Comments (6)

A few weeks ago when the Fed announced a strategy designed to bring down long-term interest and home mortgage rates through unlimited Treasury bond purchases, government debt staged a spectacular rally. To the unschooled market observer, the spike may be difficult to understand. After all, why would the value of Treasury bonds rise while their underlying credit quality is deteriorating faster than Bernie Madoff’s social schedule? The move is actually a perfect illustration of the tried and true Wall Street strategy of “buy the rumor and sell the fact”.

If it is well known that Fed will be a big purchaser of Treasuries, those buying now will be positioned to unload their holdings when the buying spree begins. If the Fed pays higher prices in the future, traders can earn riskless speculative profits. If the traders lever up their positions, as many are likely doing, even small profits can turn unto huge windfalls.

The downside of course, is that all of the demand for Treasuries is artificial. Treasuries are now in the hands of speculators looking to sell, not investors looking to hold. These players are analogous to the mid-decade condo-flippers who flocked to new developments for quick profits. They did not intend to occupy their properties, but rather flip them to future buyers. Once these properties came back on the market, condo prices collapsed, as developers were forced to compete for new sales with their former customers.

This is precisely what will happen with Treasuries. Just as the U.S. government issues mountains of new debt to finance the multi-trillion annual deficits planned by the Obama Administration, speculative holders of existing debt will be offering their bonds for sale as well. In order to prevent a complete collapse in the bond prices the Fed will be forced to significantly increase its buying.

However, since the only way the Fed can buy bonds is by printing money, the more bonds they buy the more inflation they will create. As inflation diminishes the investment value of low-yielding Treasuries, such a scenario will kick off a downward spiral. But the more active the Fed becomes in their quest to prop up bond prices, the bigger the incentive to hit the Fed’s bid. The result will be that all Treasuries sold will be purchased by the Fed. But with the resulting frenzy in the Treasury market, and with inflation kicking into high gear, we can expect that demand for other debt classes that the Fed is not backstopping, such as corporate, municipal and agency debt, to fall through the floor, pushing up interest rates across the board.

In order to “save” the economy from these high rates the Fed will then have to expand its purchases to include all forms of debt. If that happens, run-away inflation will quickly turn into hyper-inflation, and our currency will be worthless and our economy left in ruins.

To avoid this nightmare scenario, the Fed should pull out of the bond market before it’s too late and let prices fall to where real buyers, those willing to hold to maturity, re-enter the market. Given how high inflation will likely be by the time this happens, my guess is that long-term Treasury yields will have to rise well into the double digits to clear the market.

But we should know that the bursting of the bond market bubble will have even more dire consequences than the bursting of prior bubbles in stocks and real estate. Significantly higher interest rates and inflation that will result will severely compound the current problems. Imagine how much worse our economy would be if we faced double digit interest rates? In addition, not only will homeowners be confronted with record high mortgage rates, but the Government will be staring at trillion dollar annual interest payments on the national debt, making interest by far the single largest line item in the Federal budget. Just like homeowners who relied on teaser rates, the Government will face a similar problem when all its low-yielding short-term debt matures.

The grim reality of course is that when the real estate bubble burst the Government was able to “bail-out” private parties. However, when the bond market bubble bursts, it will be the U.S. Government itself that will be in need of the mother of all bailouts. If U.S. taxpayers or foreign creditors are unwilling or unable to pony up, and if the nightmare hyper-inflation scenario is to be avoided, default will be the only option. If misery really does love company, Bernie Madoff’s clients might finally find some comfort.

6 Comments – Post Your Own

#1) On January 09, 2009 at 1:54 PM, FleaBagger (27.55) wrote:

U.S. Government in default... bring it on!

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#2) On January 09, 2009 at 3:59 PM, kdakota630 (28.86) wrote:

Another reminder about I.O.U.S.A. on CNN tomorrow and Sunday.

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#3) On January 09, 2009 at 10:31 PM, mhandels (< 20) wrote:

If a Treasury default were to occur, the dollar would collapse, along with the economy. The only way to stop a "bond aneurysm" is for the government to slash spending, especially with entitlement programs. If nothing is done to stem the tide of federal red ink, a default may occur late this year or in 2010 after foreign lenders demand higher interest rates on US Treasury bonds. A default is possible because the interest payments on federal debt won't be sustainable in the near future.

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#4) On January 10, 2009 at 9:22 AM, smelton87 (< 20) wrote:

Paco Ahlgren has written a series of articles in the last two weeks about the bond bubble, U.S. debt, and coming inflation. They're worth reading. 

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#5) On January 10, 2009 at 11:47 AM, kaskoosek (30.25) wrote:

"But with the resulting frenzy in the Treasury market, and with inflation kicking into high gear, we can expect that demand for other debt classes that the Fed is not backstopping, such as corporate, municipal and agency debt, to fall through the floor, pushing up interest rates across the board."

This statement was a bit confusing to me. Municipal, corporate and agency debt already offer much higher yeilds than treasury. They would still be much more attractive than treasuries.

The runaway inflation will happen directly when the fed decides to buy treasury. No reason for anyone to hold dollars or treasury any more since you are getting paid with diluted dollars. The government can decide to never pay the fed back. In this case a run on the dollar should directly happen.

There is a reason there has been a gold and silver standard in the past and it is directly due to printing money out of thin air. It has never worked before and it will never work now. It doesn't take a physicist to understand this stuff.


Yes deflationist keep smoking your incanity cigar.


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#6) On January 20, 2009 at 6:42 AM, MarkFG (< 20) wrote:


In Mr. Schiff's latest OpEd he stated, "Wouldn’t we be in better shape if instead of buying more stuff we concentrated on producing it?"

My question is, "How can we go back to being producers when our laborers can not compete against foreign labor rates, working conditions, environmental standards, and health benefits."

I have read and agree with much that Mr. Schiff has to say, but I have not seen an elaboration on this point in any of his columns.

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