"Energy Independence" Myth 'Fracked'
Hey, who would have thought?
...Unconventional fossil fuels all share a host of cruel and limiting traits ... They offer dramatically fewer energy returns; they consume extreme and endless flows of capital; they provide difficult or volatile rates of supply overtime and have "large environmental impacts in their extraction."
Most important, bitumen, shale oil and shale gas, by definition, are much lower quality hydrocarbons and therefore can't fund business as usual. They simply do not provide the same energy returns or the same amount of work as conventional hydrocarbons due to the energy needed to extract or upgrade them, ...
Fracked Gas Won't Solve Energy Crunch: Report