Small Government America, Before the EPA, Before OSHA
A short history lesson on why I believe that the EPA budget needs to be doubled, at least. Why I believe taxes to pay the bill are worth every cent. And why you should look to the people who have fought for clean water, good working conditions and clean air for guidance, and not the people who have praised personal gain and profit as justification for what they do.
And a special shout-out to Dare, David and Option who have forgotten what happened in order for us to have needed an EPA, and an OSHA.
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Lorraine Street borders Carteret Park. Carteret Park used to be called Barrows Field.
About Barrows Field:
EPA report 1984.
Conditions at proposal (October 15, 1984): The Montclair/West Orange Radium Site is in two residential neighborhoods in Montclair and West Orange in Essex County, New Jersey. Radioactive material, believed to be radium-processing waste, was used as fill, resulting in unacceptable levels of radon gas and its decay products in a number of private residences. Approximately 50,000 cubic yards of contaminated material are scattered throughout a neighborhood covering about 1.0 square mile.
Several years ago, the State started to investigate a radium-processing facility in Orange that had ceased operation in the 1920s. The possibility of off-site disposal of processing waste prompted an aerial survey of surrounding areas for gamma radiation. In July 1983, the survey identified a number of homes with high levels of radon gas. About 80 people are immediately affected.
In December 1983, EPA started a major field investigation to define the perimeter of contamination and identify additional problem homes. Using CERCLA emergency funds, EPA installed ventilation systems in affected homes as a temporary corrective measure
EPA Report April 29th, 2009
The state began some work at the site in the 1980s and EPA installed a number of radon systems and lead shielding to alleviate the immediate threats posed to some residences by the radium. EPA carried out the cleanup in phases, addressing the most severely contaminated properties first. This soil cleanup effort took approximately 14 years to complete from 1990 to 2004. In all, EPA excavated contaminated soils from a total of 355 properties at a cost of nearly $220 million. Contaminated soil was transported by rail to licensed disposal facilities. Once the contamination was removed, EPA restored the properties to their pre-excavation conditions.
About radium painting, where it all began: In Ottowa Illinois and in Orange New Jersey.
The year was 1923, a giddy time for a small-town teen who had no money for college but found herself able to buy silk dresses and high-heeled shoes. Margaret Looney, known as Peg, was fresh out of high school when she and dozens of other young women were hired to paint glow-in-the-dark watch dials at the Radium Dial Co.
Another little bit of the history:
Radium paint was popular long before Jefferson began using it. In The Literary Digest for November 13, 1920, a full-page ad for radium products can be found on page 65. It is called UNDARK (trade name applied for) and made by the Radium Luminous Material Corporation, 58 Pine Street, New York City. The factory was in Orange, NJ and the mines were in Colorado and Utah. It was recommended for all kinds of uses such as watches, clocks, doorbell buttons, fish bait, gauges, theater seat numbers, fire extinguishers and poison labels. A "try-out" set was available for $3.00 through the mail.
In a most amazing coincidence, the radium that was mined in Utah for the glow in the dark paint, eventually found its way back. The waste dirt removed from Glenn Ridge, New Jersey found it way back to its final resting place, a hazardous waste disposal site in Clive Utah, the only reason the town of Clive, Utah exists.
Which suddenly has me remembering the legend of the Hawaiian Goddess Pele...